Fighting Rural Household Poverty through Piggery  REMIX 

SUMMARY

Exploitation of pigs provides a sustainable, environmentally beneficial food and income source for people in rural areas of Uganda.Best tool for rural poverty reduction.

ESTIMATED COST: $6000
LOCATION(S): General

PIG PRODUCTION AND MARKETING UGANDA.

P.O.BOX 441 KAMPALA UGANDA.

E-MAIL: [email protected]

MOBILE: +256 773 422 445.

WEBSITE: www.pigfarmers.co.ug

FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/pigfarmers

FIGHTING RURAL HOUSEHOLD POVERTY THROUGH PIGGERY.

PROFILE:

Pig and Pig products production and Marketing Uganda is a firm whose main activities are marketing and ensuring a constant production of pigs and the related products in Uganda. It was founded by members of Wattuba pig farmers Association (WPFA), an association that joins all pig farmers at Wattuba in Wakiso district as a channel to market their pig farm produce.

It helps pig farmers around the country to find market for their pig farm produce and increase production by offering free training services and finding cheap/free and quality farm inputs for pig farmers.

The firm developed a plan for poverty reduction that has brought most of the rural households in the districts of Wakiso, Nakaseke and Luwero into farmers groups. Through these, the company is able to monitor and evaluate the progress of both inputs and cash injected in the farmers' farms and ensure quality production. Training facilities are also offered at farmer group levels.

Main objectives;

1. Fighting rural household poverty with focus to women and youth.

2. Creating employment opportunities to rural dwellers.

3. Increasing and developing pork/pig production to enable the company have marketing stock.

Company Vision: Becoming the major pork/pig and products marketing and producing company in East Africa and Uganda in particularly

PIGGERY FARMING

Piggery Farming is simply the keeping of pigs for home meat and income generation. Pigs also provide manure which facilitates proper growth and yield of food crops.

Pigs can be raised in controlled or free environment, as a small- or large-scale business. But in whatever size, a prospective farmer would need inputs as to how to raise pigs efficiently and in a more productive manner.

Pigs have a number of advantages that suit rural citizens making it one of the best way to run to in order to solve the issue of poverty.

The pig has highest feed conversion efficiency i.e. they produce more live weight gain from a given weight of feed than any other class of meat producing animals except broilers.

The pig can utilize wide variety of feed stuffs viz. Grains, forages, damaged feeds and garbage and convert them into valuable nutritious meat. Feeding of damaged grains, garbage and other home wastes reduce the stress of buying food stuffs hence spending less or no money on food.

They are prolific with shorter generation interval. A sow can be bred as early as 8-9 months of age and can farrow twice in a year. They produce 6-12 piglets in each farrowing.

Pig farming requires small investment on buildings and equipment’s.

Pigs are known for their meat yield, which in terms of dressing percentage ranges from 65-80 in comparison to other livestock species whose dressing yields may not exceed 65%.

Pork is most nutritious with high fat and low water content and has got better energy value than that of other meats. It is rich in vitamins like thiamin, Niacin and riboflavin. So this practice also fights Malnutrition.

Pig manure is widely used as fertilizer for agriculture farms and fishponds.

Pigs store fat rapidly for which there is an increasing demand from poultry feed, soap, paints and other chemical industries.

Pig farming provides quick returns since the marketable weight of fatteners can be achieved with in a period of 6-8 months.

There is good demand from domestic as well as export market for pig products such as pork, bacon, ham, sausages, lard etc.

Background,

In Uganda particularly the districts of Wakiso, Nakaseke and Luwero the majority of the population lives in rural areas, engaged in agriculture and lives in poverty. The government has since 1990s made the eradication of poverty apart of its development framework. A key goal of the plan is to raise smallholder farm incomes and cause rural economic transformation and the modernization of agriculture in the next 20 to 25 years.

During the last decade the country has witnessed modest increases in the agricultural production mainly as increase in production and to a limited extent, use of improved technology. These increases have not however resulted in increased profitability of agricultural production, and household income. Uganda’s population was 24 Million people (National population census 2002) and now estimated to be 30-32 Million people remains largely poor, with at least 40% living in absolute poverty. And many of the rural poor remain out side the monetary economy, mainly producing for subsistence.

Government Intervention:

The government of Uganda through its development schemes for example Bonna Bagagawale (Luganda words meaning all should get rich), NAADs (National Agricultural Advisory Services) has tried to help rural people out of poverty but the impact of this has been minimal due to corruption and a few households have benefited.

Poverty in Uganda

Poor people define poverty as not just the lack of incomes, but also the lack of means to satisfy basic social needs, as well as a feeling of powerless to break out of the feeling of poverty, insecurity of person and property. Poverty is caused by factors among others, Inadequacies in access to natural resources, human factors, financial assets and social capital and infrastructure. The multitude of these causes of poverty clearly show the frustration poor people face in trying to move out of poverty.

Poverty is mainly a rural phenomenon as 48% of the rural people is below the absolute poverty line compared to 16% of urban dwellers. Since more than 85% of the population live in rural areas any interventions must first foremost focus on these areas. Statistics show that one of the main ways of reducing rural poverty in rural areas of Uganda has been the ability to produce and market traditional cash crops, specifically coffee. Household in the food crop sector have experienced only modest of poverty reduction compared to those dealing in cash crops.

The Gender Dimension of Poverty.

The principle dimensions of poverty in Uganda include gender, livelihood, location and seasonality- women have not benefited as much as men in decrease in poverty noted in the previous years. The main reason for that is that women do not have as much opportunities for social and economic development as men, particularly in rural areas. Secondly, the division of labor in agriculture in Uganda rural areas is complex.

Food production is the domain of women, whereas men in general concentrate on livestock and cash crops that have greater potential for income generation. Further, women have little control of resources or income generated from the sale of products.

In general, women lag below men in terms of education levels and income generation. They face barriers in participation in community development due to lack of mobilization, lack of time and failure to see the benefit of their participation. Women can also be discriminated against in land and other production factors. When they are involved in production of crops that generate income, they do not benefit from the intra-household share of this income.

Women in general do not own land, although they have access for growing food.

Often the increasing workload of women in cultivating cash crops and the subsequent reduced cultivation of a variety of household food crops may in some cases result into decreasing welfare of the family although households’ incomes have increased.

Given this scenario, the reduction of household poverty must involve the participation of women in those economic activities that they can have control for example piggery.

The Potential of Pig Farming in Household Poverty Reduction.

Among the various livestock species, piggery is most potential source of meat production and more efficient feed converters after the broiler chicken. Apart from providing meat, is also a source of bristles and manure. Pig farming will provide employment opportunities to rural women and youth.

Exploitation of pigs provides a sustainable, environmentally beneficial food and income source for people in Uganda.

The potential for piggery farming has not been exploited given several factors that favor its development in Uganda.

There is a rich variety of both indigenous and exotic breeds. Good environment and climatic conditions that favor growth of the necessary foods to feed both humans and pigs and favor animal survival.

Easy integration in the crop production systems providing nutrients required through pig wastes. Indigenous knowledge and skills that can be easily developed through training. Low technology requirement and ease processing.

PROJECT PROPOSAL FOR PIG MULTIPLICATION AND DEMOSTRATION FARM IN WAKISO DISTRICT, NANGABO SUBCOUTY.

Infrastructure needed: a minimum of at least one acre of land is required with in it to start the project. Immediate starting requirements for 11 animals (1 Boar, 10 Sows) are:

1. A shed of size 8 feet x 27 feet with cement floor and block walls, a roof with sheets to house the animals. This is a permanent structure.

2. Fenced open enclosure of size42 feet x 32 feet for the animals to move around and bask in sunlight during day.

3. Separate troughs for water and food.

Feeding Materials needed: for the feeds it depends on what is available and the prices. The higher the protein, the more expensive the feed.

Feed expenditure is expected to be reduced by growing our own foods reach in carbohydrates (maize, sweet potatoes, Cassava and others).

Human Resources/Labor needed: very little specialization necessary. Tasks are routine and two workers will be employed to:

I). Feed

ii). Clean

iii). Vaccinate and assist in births.

Estimated time: Pigs with good genetics, good management and care, and good feed will be served at 7 months. Get through a gestation of 3moths, 3weeks, 3days, and 3hours. Piglets will be ready to supply to farmers at 2months after winning.

Estimated cost of starting the Project: (detailed budget available on request, this website coundn't publish it).

Buildings

2,100,000/=

Feeding 11 pigs for 1 year

5,412,000/=

Veterinary costs

160,000/=

Land

5000,000/=

Total expenditure

13,702,000/= (All figures are in uganda shilling. 1dollar costs 2,300/=)

A Sow has tow successful productions in a year. If every Pig is estimated to produce 10 piglets at a single birth, 200 piglets will be produced each year. These can serve 50-100 households.

For the subsequent years, the project will need more funding for carrying out trainings and helping farmers erect pig shelter.

Then the project will be self sustaining after 4 years getting funds from the sale of pigs. At this stage, the first beneficiaries will be required to provide to the project at least half of the total piglets produced by the pig given to them from the project. And these will be passed on to other farmers who will also do the same when it is due time. And the cycle will continue.

Market and customers: All market requirements are going to be addressed by Pig and pig products production and marketing Uganda under company marketing Plan.

Potential Challenges of Activity: Long waiting period (12-14) months before the first group of farmers is benefits.

1. Potential benefits of activity:

2. Employment for rural women and youth.

3. Rural household poverty reduction

4. Crop production increase

5. Environment management

Other Sponsors

1. Pig and Pig Products Production and marketing Uganda

2. Mission Africa

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